Ustad Chhamma Khan – Delhi Gharana

I just ran across across this gem today!  What beautiful, traditional, playing from the Delhi gharana.  Below is a small history of the Delhi gharana as well.

The following is an excerpt borrowed on the history of the Delhi Gharana from:  http://www.planetradiocity.com/musicopedia/music_decade.php?conid=2353

There was no author given, but it is from the musicopedia website.

“Evolution 
In Indian classical music, there are two primary conventions, the north Indian tradition of Hindustani, and the south Indian convention of Carnatic. In Hindustani music, a gharana is a system of social regulation associating musicians or dancers by ancestry and/or learning, and by abidance to a given musical form. Gharanas is present in the vocal & instrumental forms of music. The earliest gharana to found conventions for creativeness is also the most ancient of the tabla gharanas – the Delhi gharana. It was created by several families near the Delhi-Lucknow-Barreily strip. The other tabla gharanas comprise Ajrada, Benaras, Farrukhabad, Lucknow, and Punjab.Created around the early eighteenth century by Siddhar Khan, the performing style (baj) of this gharana is also called the bandh baj. During the 20th century, the most critical tabla player of the Delhi gharana was Gamay Khan (1883-1958). His son Inam Ali Khan (1924-90) was an influential tabla player of the later portion of the 20th century. His son, Ghulam Haider Khan is presently the ambassador of the gharana. Natthu Khan (1875-1940) is from another stream of the gharana and was one of the foremost tabla players of his time. He was also the father-in-law of Gamay Khan. Latif Ahmed Khan (1941-90) one of the most legendary tabla players of 20th century was a follower of both Gamay Khan and Inam Ali Khan. Shafaat Ahmed Khan the popular tabla accompanist of Ustad Amjad Ali Khan was the son and follower of Chamma Khan from another stream of the gharana. Pandit Chatur Lal was the follower of Haji Mohammad Khan. From the most outstanding initial advocates was Chhote Kale Khan who trained Gamay Khan, the leader of Ustad Inam Ali Khan, a predecessor of the legendary Ustad Latif Ahmed Khan who passed away in the early 1980s. A concurrent line is that of Chamma Khan and his popular son Shafaat Ahmed Khan (illustrious accompanist of sarodiya Amjad Ali Khan). Pandit Chatur Lal trained under Haji Mohammad Khan and Hafiz Miyan of Udaipur and soon after received ‘further tuition’ from Pandit Ravi Shankar. His baaj is taught by his nephew Shiv Narayan.

Trends write-up 
The Delhi gharana has lucidity of sonics that is a product of the first function of the tabla as an axially to vocal and instrumental music. This sharpness is attained by performing on the chati or kinar, and has given way to the baj being called the chati-ka-baj. The beat most commonly experienced is the barabar (basic) of the ad (portions and multiples of one-and-a half), while the objects are primarily kayada-rela, peshkar, and the mohra/ mukhda. The kayada range of the Delhi gharana is the paradigm for the kayada items of the other gharanas as well.

Major Artists 
Founder- Siddhar Khan. Other artists of this gharana include: Gamay Khan,Inam Ali Khan,Latif Ahmed Khan,Natthu Khan,Pandit Chaturlal,Shafat Ahmad Ali”

Advertisements

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s